There are two types of water filtration: carbon and reverse osmosis.
Carbon is the most common. This system uses an activated carbon filter to attract and absorb the elements which cause unsavory water. The process is as follows:
Reverse Osmosis a.k.a. RO (read “What is RO Water” here) uses five stages that operate similarly to the carbon option with the addition of these steps:
(Steps 1 – 3 same as above)
Both connect to a water line and work their magic on the municipal supply. Most will dispense chilled and instant hot water. To investigate the differences more deeply, check out “Reverse Osmosis vs Filtration.”
The EPA has defined the contaminants that can be found in drinking water here. The word contaminant sounds scary. For most of us, our local sanitation plant has already eliminated any dangerous elements. Leaving filters to clarify our water, remove chlorine, and improve taste as well as smell. Unfortunately, not everyone is so lucky.
Luckily, filters are also equipped to remove:
*Lead is a hazardous metal that has wreaked havoc on many, especially children. Any level of lead consumption can result in severe health issues for the rest of one’s life. To learn more about the effects of lead and its presence in our water read our article “Everything You Need to Know About Lead in Water.”
Of these, the five most common are discussed further in this discussion “5 Contaminants Removed by Water Filtration.”
Another great resource is this search tool provided by Cleveland.com. You can type in your address or city to see the likelihood that there is lead in your water.
Water filters and softeners differ in the symptoms they are attempting to remedy and the method in which they do so. As we have learned, water filters use carbon to attract and dispel unpleasant elements in water. The goal is to improve the overall taste, quality, and appearance.
Water softeners use polar attraction too but, it is done with salt. Water softening becomes necessary if you notice:
Using a salt-filled softener reduces hard minerals such as calcium and magnesium that cause these issues. If you are wondering whether you need a water softener, our blog post, “Do I Need a Water Softener” can help you decide.
Keep in mind water softeners do not remove contaminants other than hard metals.
Water filtration systems come in many shapes and sizes. Most of which are classified as “point of use” or POU. A point of use filter connects to a water line and uses a bottle-less cooler to dispense chilled or instant hot H2O. This is a popular option for offices, manufacturing, and health care facilities for both employees and guests.
Point of use water filters can be tailored to meet the needs of most commercial settings. The options are as follows:
With this option, the water filter housings and storage tank mount below your sink. The finished product dispenses through a stylish spout installed on your kitchen counter. The technician will need to drill a silver dollar size hole into your counter. If you have a granite countertop, another option might suit you better.
Countertop water filters offer a compact design that allows the unit to fit under standard height cabinets. These models are great for break rooms and usually offer both cold and hot water for drinking as well as coffee, tea, or hot cocoa. If you already have limited counter space, a stand-alone machine may be better.
A water cooler type of design is the most popular choice for filtration. These freestanding units also offer cold and hot water. They are sleek in design and attractive enough for a modern office. You will only need about a square foot of space for this POU but, it does require electricity (as do all of the models). Therefore, it will need to be placed near an outlet as well as access to a water line.
It depends, there are several factors involved. We would not recommend attempting the process yourself (unless you happen to be a plumber). Water leaks can cause a great deal of damage. Use a professional installer instead. Generally, when you rent or purchase a water filter, the service will be provided.
The best spot for a water filter is as close to a water line as possible. Finding a water line is easy, look for a sink, washing machine, dishwasher, ice dispenser, etc. Anything that is drawing water. Although a water line is necessary, there is no need to worry; technicians are masters at locating hidden entry points and creatively using them as a source for your water filter.
You must first decide if your business is better suited for renting or owning a water filter. A rental agreement will come with perks that take maintenance and troubleshooting out of your hands. You will be able to set it and forget it while enjoying the ease of one consistent charge each month. Our rental units, for example, come with free filters, and service calls. A competitive price for this sort of design is around $35.00-$50.00 per month.
To own a water filter, you must first of course purchase the unit itself. It is impossible to estimate a cost as there are many levels of available features. Basically, you get what you pay for. A word of warning– don’t go cheap– invest in a high-quality unit with a standard set of features, and you will be happy for the long term.
Water filters require very little upkeep. There are only two chores that you will need to mark on your calendar (unless you rent, in that case, this step is handled for you):
You should plan to address both of these tasks every six months. In addition, it is a good idea to wipe the spigots periodically with antibacterial soap to prevent the spread of germs.
Your employees consider filtered water a perk. The investment in their health and wellness is nominal, the upkeep is nearly none, and the finished product can be enjoyed by everyone. Water filtration is an excellent choice for healthy hydration. The process can seem daunting and filled with jargon. We hope that this guide has helped to dispel that notion.
Distillata has been solving the water needs of Northeast Ohio businesses for over a century! You can contact our team today by calling us at (800) 999-2906, filling out a form, or visiting our facility at 1608 East 24th St, Cleveland, OH 44114.